The reactivity of the skin is manifested in the form of redness, dryness, irritation and other unpleasant issues that are easily confused with a variety of skin conditions.
Reactive skin is a common problem associated with hypersensitivity to various agents.. This condition manifests itself in the form of redness, dryness, flash or irritation that occurs suddenly. In many cases, the causes are unknown.
This phenomenon is more common in women. In fact, Experts estimate that one in three women may suffer from reactive skin. Some people experience symptoms so often that they end up interpreting them as "normal" when they really are not.. Many dermatologists also find it difficult to classify this type of skin.
Skin reactivity is also often referred to as sensitive skin, irritated skin, intolerant skin, etc.. But these terms are not exact. Reactive skin is not a disease in itself, but it causes discomfort to those who experience it. Well, what causes reactive skin; And what can people do to stay in control of their symptoms?;
What is reactive skin?;
Until recently, people referred to this condition as "sensitive skin". However, Dermatologists believe that the term "reactive skin" is more accurate. It is defined as a type of skin that causes unpleasant sensations, such as combustion, itching, pain or sting.
Skin reactivity occurs only when no other pathology can explain the changes in a person's skin. In other words, symptoms can not be explained by allergy to a particular substance or by the presence of an aggressive agent, such as soap.
Another feature of this situation is that, generally, appears at intervals. In other words, the symptoms appear and disappear. Often, the use of cosmetics makes it worse.
Reactive skin is a condition that causes irritation, blush, itching and other types of discomfort due to exposure to different agents.
The causes for reactive skin
Science has not yet understood the reasons why reactive skin exists. However, there are three hypotheses that could explain this phenomenon, which are the following:
- Epidermal case. Indicates that the skin barrier, located on the skin, it's defective. Therefore, does not adequately protect the skin from external factors.
- Biochemical hypothesis. This hypothesis shows that these cases are abnormalities in channels known as TRP (transient receptor potential channels). These are located on the outermost part of the epidemic cells and on nerve endings.
- Neurogenic hypothesis. This hypothesis shows that people with reactive skin have a lower number of intradermal nerve fibers. At the same time, show greater release of inflammatory mediators.
At the same time, Experts have found that there are certain factors that cause skin reactivity. This list includes the following:
- The abuse of cosmetics
- Continuous exposure to certain chemicals
- Environmental pollution
- Heat and radiation treatments
- Extreme temperatures
- Some medicines
- Lack of sleep
- Low humidity
- Spicy foods
The abuse of cosmetics, exposure to certain chemicals, stress and other factors can cause skin reactivity.
What measures should be taken to prevent skin reactivity
People who experience skin reactivity should be careful with the products they use. It is best to consult a dermatologist, so that it can indicate which specific products are best for each specific case.
It is important to make some adjustments to your beauty routine, and optimize skin cleansing and hydration. The use and re-application of sunscreen every two to three hours is also fundamental.
At the same time, It is important to avoid cosmetics that contain potentially irritating ingredients. For example, propylene glycol, TCA, AHA, alcohol. At the same time, People with reactive skin should avoid moisturizers with retinoids and hydroxy acids. In addition, Anti-aging products and strong exfoliators can also be annoying.
For cleansing and moisturizing reactive skin, it is better to use lotions and creams instead of other products. You should apply these products gently on the skin, without using friction.
Reactive skin: Final conclusions
Treating reactive skin is complicated, as well as its diagnosis. First of all, a dermatologist should rule out any other possible conditions. Subsequently, can indicate which products are best for each patient. In the same way, the professional must determine the products that will cause skin irritation.
Sometimes, Doctors recommend drugs commonly used to treat atopic skin, which have also been shown to be effective in cases of reactive skin. In each case, It is important for people with this skin condition to moisturize their skin. This does not only mean using moisturizing lotions, but also drinking water.