Because my child is having a hard time at school;

What is wrong with the child not reading correctly?; When not concentrated; When he is not sitting in silence; He is simply a negligent student or has learning difficulties;

They used to consider them unteachable and told their parents that they just "do not take the letters". In recent years, however, we know that children can overcome their learning difficulties with timely and appropriate therapeutic intervention.. So let's look at the two most common forms of learning disability, dyslexia and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

When the child clicks on reading…

Dyslexia is a form of learning disability, in which the child has difficulty analyzing words and spelling them, making it difficult to learn to read. However, dyslexia combines spelling difficulties, hence the name "dyslexia - dysgraphia". Dyslexia concerns 5%-15% of children and has nothing to do with mental retardation. The diagnosis of dyslexia can not be made before the child is 7-7 years old, since before this age similar mistakes in reading and writing are common.

The clues that will make us think

It is observed in most dyslexic children:

  • Dyslexia
  • Confusion in graphs whose pronunciation is similar (τσ - τζ, γκ - κγ)
  • Confusion in graphs whose shape is similar (φ - ψ)
  • Inversions (here - ode, το - οτ)
  • Omissions (mother - man, turn - turn) or even letter additions or replacements
  • Incomplete comprehension of text. Usually the child understands more than we think from a text he reads, however he seldom understands all the information in the text.
  • Difficulty reading. School difficulties in the beginning are focused on reading, but later, as school requirements increase, generalized in all subjects, unless the child is given appropriate treatment in a timely manner.


The spelling mistakes, which are also common at the beginning of school, are similar to those of reading: confusions, inversions, omissions, errors in the gender of the word, in the number, as well as serious spelling mistakes.

Other signs

Along with dyslexia there are some other factors that contribute to the problem, without however justifying it:

  • Delay in speech. Often in the history of dyslexic children there is the fact that they were late to speak.
  • Side problem. Pleurisy is called the dominance of one side of the body (eye, hand, foot and ear). The use of the left hand mainly and bad ribbing were mentioned as the origin of dyslexia, but this hypothesis has not been verified.
  • Reduced capacity for time organization. The confusion between letters that have a similar shape or the difficulty of understanding the tense of the sentence led researchers to assume that dyslexic children have problems in the organization of place and time.

What to do if I suspect the child has dyslexia;

The child's difficulty in learning to read and write can be identified by the parents or the teacher, who will refer the parents to a specialist.

Initially, the child will be examined by a special educator, who will deal with his learning difficulties. afterward, the child will be examined by a psychologist, who will measure his IQ with a special test.

If the psychologist assesses that the child has normal intelligence and has dyslexia, then gives the parents an opinion, which certifies the fact that the child has dyslexia. When the child is going to High School or Lyceum, the psychologist notes to the teachers that it should be examined orally.

This opinion can be given by the Hellenic Center for Mental Health or by the Center for Differential Diagnosis, Diagnosis and Support of students with educational needs (ΚΕΔΔΥ).

Alongside, the psychologist informs the parents about the special education they must follow.

When it can not be collected…

To date, the exact causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder have not been clarified. (ADHD). Some scientists claim that it is due to a neurological disorder, that is, the neurotransmitters in the brain do not transmit messages to the brain properly, as a result, the child is unable to control his impulses and has problems concentrating.

ADHD can be a child's reaction to a traumatic or stressful situation, e.g. parental divorce, removal, death of a close person. The younger the child, the more embodied his reaction, since it still cannot be expressed verbally.

In the case of children with normal intelligence who do not experience stressful situations and do not have developmental difficulties or a disturbed psycho-emotional world, the root of the problem lies in the level of tolerance of the family - mainly - environment, in the strict or loose limits set by parents and in the general way of educating children. also, some children have more intense mobility due to heredity.

Rarely, ADHD takes on a more psychopathological significance when combined with provocative or dangerous behaviors, as if the child were seeking punishment (neurotic guilt) or as if it were his response to intense anxiety, depression, the rage, autism or childhood psychosis.

The clues that will make us think

At the age of 3-4 years old the child is very lively, walks and moves awkwardly (lack of coordination). In kindergarten or school can not fit into the logic of the team, as a result, he has problems in his relationships with his classmates and teachers.

particularly, it may: to be aggressive, not be able to sit as long as required on the desk, to disobey rules and be very impulsive, not to participate in extracurricular activities, inability to concentrate, as a result of which he is unable to attend the course and study, or have difficulty reading or writing.

In addition, children with attention deficit disorder often do not pay attention to detail, have difficulty following instructions or rules, they do not seem to hear when they are spoken to, they lose items or forget their daily obligations.

What should I do if I suspect he has ADHD;

Parents should know that during their period 2-4 years old the child's attention is normally "slippery" because his explosive mobility pushes him to expand his discoveries and expand his experiences. But if they consider that the child's lack of attention and impulsivity is excessive, then they should consult a child psychologist. Parents of children with ADHD usually find it difficult to accept the diagnosis because they think their child is not "normal". Reward yourself and your child, you are not responsible for the existence of ADHD. After all, we all have peculiarities, we are all different and we live our lives the way it serves us.

How you can help it

  • It is very helpful for children with ADHD to have an organized program with clear rules and routines, that the child knows in advance.
  • Make his activities interesting and take frequent breaks during a difficult activity.
  • Focus on the desired behavior and reward it.
  • Be precise in what you ask for and your requirements are tailored to the child's abilities.
  • Responsibility and organization exercises should be part of children's daily lives (shopping list in the supermarket, selection from the previous night of clothes, bag preparation based on his schedule).
  • Help the child socialize and make friends.

The therapeutic answer to the problem

The therapeutic response for a child with ADHD is not the same in every case. It is always related to the attitude of his environment and to the other coexisting problems (learning difficulties, urination etc.).

So, the therapeutic process can be transferred to the educational arrangement, e.g. parenting tips, to school, Extracurricular activities, sport, or even make an effort to manage the child with positive energy his body (relaxation, dance).

End, if ADHD comes from severe psycho-emotional difficulties, the therapeutic approach by a specialist is suggested.

We thank Mrs. Marika Sidiropoulou for her cooperation, clinical psychologist-child psychologist



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