Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia, that is, patients show, including, high blood sugar levels.
The global impact of diabetes is about 8,8%.
It is estimated that almost half of patients with diabetes do not know it.. In Europe, undiagnosed diabetics are estimated at 22 millions of people, that is 37,9% of the total number of patients suffering from undiagnosed diabetes mellitus.
As can be easily understood, the earlier diabetes is diagnosed and treated, thus reducing the likelihood of developing complications.
Given the high percentage of undiagnosed patients, early diagnosis is made, most, urgent. Even mild increases in blood sugar can damage organs- goals of diabetes, that is, the large arteries of the body such as the carotid arteries, the arteries of the lower extremities, the aorta, the arteries of the heart but also the eyes, kidneys and nervous system.
Diabetes can often go undiagnosed due to lack of symptoms. The main symptoms that should foreshadow a patient who may be suffering from diabetes, especially in the early stages of diabetes, may be completely absent.
The symptoms that should lead to blood sugar control are:
1) H feeling of constant thirst and the increase the frequency of urination. High blood sugar is filtered into the kidneys, entraining a large amount of water., causing a vicious cycle of polyuria / thirst.
2) THE increased food intake - polyphagia- occurs when the body cannot use glucose as energy (inability to enter and use glucose from cells due to the absence of a sufficient amount of insulin). Because of this lack of energy, the patient has an increased feeling of hunger.
3) The frequent urinary tract infections as well as fungal infections form, also, signs / symptoms of high blood sugar.
4) Patients with high blood sugar often complain about unexplained fatigue and inability to carry out their daily activities.
5) THE unexplained weight loss characterizes, also, often patients with significantly unregulated blood sugar.
6) THE development of vision disorders can be a consequence of high blood sugar and should always be monitored.
7) Other less common but important symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus are: feeling of pain, cramps and numbness mainly in the lower but also in the upper extremities.
summarizing, the symptoms of diabetes, especially in the initial phase of its appearance, are often dull or non-existent. Regular screening for diabetes is recommended, especially if risk factors such as obesity coexist, heredity (another family member suffers) etc..
Giouli Argyrakopoulou writes, Pathologist, Doctor of the University of Athens, Director of the Diabetes Unit, Athens Medical Center.