The Quality Department & Phytosanitary Control of the Directorate of Agricultural Economy and Veterinary Medicine. Kozani informs the obligors (nurseries, points of sale of ornamental plants and propagating material, international transport companies, producers, cooperatives, agronomists of the public and private, customs, Municipalities and Contractors of public gardening works) for new data on tThen harmful quarantine organism Xylella fastidiosa (Well and Raju) :
- Information of the Phytosanitary Service of Italy during which he notified the EU. and Member States that:
In October 2019 plants to be planted Vinca major in a nursery found infected with the quarantine pest Xylella fastidiosa in the area of Rome. After two years of systematic reviews and non-detection of quarantine pest in the area it is considered that the area is free from the organism.
In November 2021 confirmed case of Prunus dulcis almond orchard found for the first time in the municipality of Canino, Italy.
It is emphasized that, as we have informed in previous Press Releases, in Greece has not been established until today his presence pathogen Xylella annoying, but the finding of its presence in an increasing number of EU spaces. leads the country's phytosanitary services to increased readiness to prevent the risk of its introduction and spread. Therefore, keeping the country free from the dangerous bacterium is a matter of National Importance and of the highest Public Interest..
We remind you that the Xylella fastidiosa classified in the category of the most risky harmful organisms for Greece, which, if installed, will have unbearable economic consequences and huge effects on the agricultural ecosystem and tourism..
The number of plant species that are vulnerable to Xylella annoying it's too big, while the relevant European Commission database is constantly updated with the entry of new items. Vulnerable plants, important for our country, is the olive, the vine, species of the kernel family (cherry, plum, almond tree), as well as many fragrances, ornamental and forest species (lavender, oleander, rosemary, acacia, Oak).
The symptoms caused by the bacterium vary depending on the host plant. Generally, as the bacterium infects the blood vessels of the wood and prevents the transport of water and inorganic nutrients, weak plants show signs of withering, necrosis (capsule) and drying of the foliage, eventually followed by complete necrosis of the plant. It is noted that a large number of plants can be infected without symptoms.
More information for symptoms as well as rich photographic material includes the form posted on the website of the Benakeio Phytopathological Institute: www.bpi.gr > SERVICES > Bishops > Guidelines for Macroscopic Controls > Bacteria / Plantations > INSTRUCTIONS Xylella fastidiosa
Our Service has posted an updated attachment (update/update 15-02-2018) list of host plants of the organization on the website of the Kozani Regional Unit http://kozani.pdm.gov.gr/katalogos-fyton-xeniston-eypathi-ston-epivlavi-organismo-karantinas-xyllela-fastidiosa-enimerosi-update-15-02-2018/
Due to the seriousness of the pathogen and the importance of growing host plants in our country, we ask those in charge to inform our Service:
- When importing plants for planting in our country, from countries where its presence has been notified, in order to carry out official checks.
- In case they find suspicious symptoms (in plants for planting in nurseries and during their movement, as well as in orchards) as mentioned above.
In accordance with applicable phytosanitary legislation (PD 365/2002-Government Gazette 307 A) the obligors must notify the competent authority (Department of Agricultural Economics & Veterinary Medicine) any unusual appearance of harmful organisms or symptoms or any other plant abnormalities.
Those interested in any information can contact the Directorate of Agricultural Economy and Veterinary Medicine.. Kozani, Quality Department & Phytosanitary Control.