Typically, the caffeine θεωρείται φάρμακο (active substance) and some of the most popular drinks and beverages, such as coffee, the tea and soft drinks, contain significant amounts of caffeine.
According to the Mayo Clinic, The maximum recommended amount of caffeine for healthy adults is usually 400 mg per day. If one consumes more caffeine than this amount, then we have caffeine overdose. However, the safe amount of caffeine / day varies for everyone depending on age, weight and general health. This makes it difficult to know the exact amount of caffeine that can lead to overdose. For example, the teenagers θα πρέπει να περιορίζουν την κατανάλωση ποτών και ροφημάτων με καφεΐνη, so as not to exceed the total 100 mg καφεΐνης την ημέρα.
The chart below shows how much caffeine is contained per serving of some popular beverages, according to the American Center for Public Interest Science:
|Share (ml)||Caffeine (mg)|
|Filter coffee (plain)||355||260|
|Ενεργειακά ποτά (Red Bull)||245||80|
Causes and risk factors of caffeine overdose
High doses of caffeine can cause significant health problems, such as Cardiac arrhythmia and epileptic seizures. Especially if you do not drink coffee regularly, το σώμα σας μπορεί να είναι ιδιαίτερα ευαίσθητο στην καφεΐνη και γι’ this, when you drink coffee, φροντίστε να μην το… παρακάνετε απότομα. But, even if you consume a lot of coffee during the day, you should reduce them if you experience any of the following symptoms of caffeine overdose.
- Increased thirst
Other symptoms are more severe and require immediate medical attention. These are the most serious symptoms:
- Breathing difficulty
- Chest pain
- Irregular heartbeat or tachycardia
- Uncontrolled muscle movements
- Muscle spasms
Even babies can show symptoms of caffeine overdose. This can happen when breast milk contains excessive amounts of caffeine. Some mild symptoms include nausea and muscle cramps, with constant tightening and then relaxation. The most serious symptoms in babies are vomiting, rapid breathing and shock.
What to do if you experience symptoms of too much caffeine
The treatment aims to eliminate caffeine from the body and reduce the symptoms. A doctor can give you activated charcoal, a typical treatment for drug or drug overdose, which often prevents caffeine from reaching the gastrointestinal tract.
If caffeine has already entered the gastrointestinal tract, then your doctor may recommend taking a laxative, or even a stomach wash.
If the symptoms are mild, τότε μπορείτε απλά να σταματήσετε την κατανάλωση οποιασδήποτε διαιτητικής πηγής καφεΐνης για το υπόλοιπο της ημέρας και drink enough water. Καλό θα σας κάνε επίσης η gentle physical exercise και η κατανάλωση τροφών με υψηλή περιεκτικότητα σε potassium the magnesium, such as bananas and dark green leafy vegetables.