Menopause causes many changes in the skin. Οι ραγδαίες μεταβολές των ορμονών που χαρακτηρίζουν το γυναικείο φύλο, cause a decrease in collagen production, sebum and elastin. The result is subcutaneous fat loss and reduced skin elasticity.
These changes pave the way for the development of problems, όπως η ξηροδερμία, the signs of age, wrinkles or even acne. Although they are inevitable, women can take many measures to protect themselves from their consequences or even reduce them.
On the occasion of World Menopause Day (18 October) the dermatologist-venereologist Markos Michelakis, by EDOEAP, provides some tips that can help women take proper care of their skin during menopausal years.
Clean it properly
Cleansing is important for the skin, because it adds moisture. But the key is to use a cleanser suitable for dry skin. Therefore, prefer mild cleansers in the form of creams that moisturize the skin. Remember that detergents in the form of foam or gel often have dehumidifying properties.
You also need mild cleansers when you take a shower. Avoid shower gel and washing with hot water, because:
- They remove even more sebum (fat) from the skin
- They intensify dry skin.
Moisturize the skin daily
Decreased estrogen during menopause leads to dry skin and itching. These symptoms are especially severe when the humidity is low.
To avoid dry skin, to smear your skin after the bath with a rich water cream. Ideally it should contain hyaluronic acid or glycerin.
Your face also needs hydration (do not forget the neck and the line of your chin). If you have itching (itch) due to dry skin, apply cold compresses and moisturizers on your skin.
Take care of your hands
The skin on the tips of the hands loses moisture, collagen and fat during menopause. Ol’ αυτά μπορεί να του προκαλέσουν ρυτίδες και να κάνουν πιο εμφανείς τις φλέβες. Για να μειώσετε την εμφάνιση των ρυτίδων, to moisturize your hands many times daily. Also protect them from the sun. Do not forget to wear gloves when doing chores at home or in the garden.
Wrinkles are more intense on dry skin. Make sure you moisturize your whole face daily, από το μέτωπο έως χαμηλά στον λαιμό. Να προτιμάτε προϊόντα ειδικά σχεδιασμένα για να καταπολεμούν τις λεπτές γραμμές και τη χαλάρωση του δέρματος.
Take proper care of your acne
Hormonal fluctuations in menopause can cause acne in some women. But if you have pimples, ΜΗΝ Hurry up to get an acne product. Many of them cause dry skin, because they are intended for the acne of young people.
In adolescents and young adults, acne is usually associated with sebum overproduction.. Στην εμμηνόπαυση η ακμή σχετίζεται με τις ορμονικές αλλαγές και όχι με την λιπαρότητα του δέρματος. Therefore, any product that favors dry skin, can irritate the skin and intensify acne.
Gently cleanse your skin, moisturizing cleanser, avoiding rubbing it. You should also not bother with your pimples. If with these simple measures you do not see improvement or if you have a lot of pimples, consult your dermatologist.
Deal with age spots
Excessive sun exposure in youth begins to be strongly imprinted on the skin after menopause. This causes spots or even entire areas to appear darker in color than the rest of the skin:
- In person
- In the hands
- In the neck
- In the arms
- In the chest
To prevent their deterioration, must cat’ First, protect your skin from the sun. Winter summer, do not go out without sunscreen with a protection indicator (SPF) at least 30.
Necessary are also one visit each year to the dermatologist, to control your skin. Remember that sometimes skin cancer starts with something that looks like a spot and gradually develops.
If the appearance of skin discoloration bothers you, Ask your dermatologist to suggest a cream or lotion that can "fade" them to some extent. (depends on how dark they are). If the discolorations are very intense, you may need:
- Appropriate local treatment
- Some more invasive treatment (e.g. chemical peeling, laser)
Συμβουλευθείτε αμέσως τον δερματολόγο doctor, if you notice any spot or mark on your skin that:
- It is different from the others
- Changes morphology or behavior (e.g. grows up, bleeds, causes itching, changes color)
Eat lots of fruits and salads
As estrogen decreases, Collagen is also reduced, which makes the skin youthful and firm. Eating foods rich in antioxidants may strengthen your skin.
Prefer fruits and vegetables with bright colors (the more intense it is, the more antioxidants they contain). Also try to eat as many colorful fruit and vegetable salads as possible every day..
Control your stress
Stress can increase the dryness and sensitivity of the skin, while making it look tired. It can also trigger problems such as psoriasis. Apply daily relaxation techniques to keep your stress under control.
Frequent exercise stimulates the muscles, relieves stress and stimulates blood circulation, which decreases with age. Increased blood flow to the skin makes it look brighter and healthier.
Adequate sleep is extremely important for a relaxed look and skin. If you have a lack of sleep, You may experience dark circles under the eyes and deeper wrinkles. In addition, Lack of sleep causes changes in hormonal balance and metabolism, similar to those of aging, intensifying her scars. You need at least 7 hours of restful sleep each night.