No, the "belly" is not innocent. Evidence of increased risk for the heart especially of premenopausal women. And if you think that those who are obese but without a belly are equally at risk, you will be surprised by the answer of the experts.
For women on the verge of menopause, The belly is not an aesthetic problem but a health issue, claims new research that found that the increased viscera (intra-abdominal) fat increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The revelation that total body weight does not affect the relationship but it is the deposition of fat that poses a greater risk to cardiovascular health. «Two women may have the same Body Mass Index (ΔΜΣ) with different fat deposition. However, The one who stores fat in the abdomen is at greater risk of heart disease than the one who stores it properly in the thighs.Explained Dr. Samar El Khoudary, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology at the School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh.
The research also showed that, beyond the proportional increase in visceral fat and its thickness carotid artery, belly fat concentration multiplies over the years and growth rate accelerates with the onset of menopause.
For any increase in visceral fat by 20%, the medial carotid artery was made against 2% thicker. (The carotid arteries are the main blood supply arteries to the brain. Thickening of the inner lining is considered an early sign of heart disease.)
For the relevant findings, The researchers measured visceral fat by computed tomography and the thickness of the inner lining of the carotid artery with ultrasound in 360 women from Pittsburgh and Chicago, who had participated in the SWAN Heart Health Survey (Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation). The average age was 51 years, age that marks the onset of menopause for the majority of American women.
The results remained stable even after taking into account other factors involved in cardiovascular health such as weight and BMI.
Although the reasons that make belly fat so dangerous have not been identified, Dr. El Khoudary explained that, as a metabolically "active fat", may increase the release of inflammatory markers that may increase the risk of heart disease.
The measuring tape is enough
Dr El Khoudary emphasized the importance of measuring belly fat regularly to prevent dangerous increases in menopause;do not need expensive axial. The measuring tape is enough», reported on.
In addition, for women with excess visceral fat, It is necessary to control other factors related to cardiovascular risk such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure and insulin resistance, early sign of diabetes, said the lead researcher.
According to Dr. El Khoudary, more research is likely to highlight the type of diet, Exercise or lifestyle interventions that can reduce visceral fat and carotid artery stenosis, as well as a possible limit beyond which the accumulation of fat in the abdomen becomes a threat to health.
On her side, the Mercedes Carnethon, Vice President of Preventive Medicine at the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University in Chicago, hailed the findings as a bell for all women on the verge of menopause: «It is important to know that the body structure begins to change two years before menopause and continues over time.. Combining a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet to avoid weight gain may be a strategy to avoid unwanted and dangerous heart changes in the body.».