Obesity, hypertension, diabetes, just a few of the consequences of sleep disorders
Ο καλός και επαρκής ύπνος, at least 6-7 continuous hours, it is not a luxury but a necessity, as the sleep-wake cycle regulates many important functions of the body. In modern times, Nevertheless, we do not give him the attention he should, consequently undermining our health.
We all live based on circuses (24hours that is) rhythms, which are an internal "clock" that regulates all bodily functions, from blood pressure and bowel movements to metabolism and of course the sleep cycle itself- vigilance, εξηγεί η κ. Andromachi Vryonidou-Bobota, President of the Hellenic Endocrinological Society, διευθύντρια του Τμήματος Ενδοκρινολογίας & Metabolism-Diabetes Center at the Hospital Korgialenio-Benakeio EES.
Sleep άζει suits women
Οι κιρκάδιοι ρυθμοί δεν είναι ακριβώς ίδιοι μεταξύ ανδρών και γυναικών. For this reason, there are several differences in sleep between the two sexes, according to Mrs.. Georgia Kassi, special secretary of the Hellenic Endocrinological Society, NSS director, Scientific head of the Endocrinology Department of Alexandra Hospital.
particularly, women tend to go to bed earlier, but also to wake up earlier in the morning than,what men. They can also fall asleep more easily than men and sleep more soundly. It can, Nevertheless, and vice versa, as well as the hormonal fluctuations of menstruation, Pregnancy and especially menopause can significantly disrupt their sleep.
But restless sleep is also a "woman's affair"
Studies have shown that sleep disorders, such as insomnia and frequent awakenings at night, are more common in women. The most intense stress they often feel can also contribute to this. "When stress is long-term it leads to overproduction of corticosteroid hormone (ACTH) in the brain, which in turn leads to increased production of cortisol by the adrenal glands, with significant metabolic effects ", explains Mrs.. Marinella Janella, general secretary of the Hellenic Endocrinological Society, Director of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism of Evangelismos Hospital. «Εκτός από το στρες, in modern society, σημαντικοί παράγοντες διαταραχών στον ύπνο είναι το κυλιόμενο ωράριο σε πολλούς εργαζόμενους (e.g. sanitary, guards etc.) and of course travel in a zone with a significant time difference (the well-known jet lag)».
The dangers of lack of sleep
However, sleep and the body's hormonal function are interrelated. Anything that disturbs sleep, also affects hormones. Anything that affects hormones, also affects sleep. The result is a vicious cycle that can prove to be detrimental to health.
"Good regulation of the body's biological clock is vital to health. Irregular eating habits and a restless sleep pattern can upset it., increasing the risk of many diseases ", warns Ms.. Vryonidou-Bobota.
- Short-term consequences: Lack of sleep and poor quality sleep can lead to fatigue, drowsiness during the day, reduced learning and memory capacity, irritability and susceptibility to accidents. They can also weaken the immune system, whose smooth operation is inextricably linked to adequate and quality sleep.
- Long-term consequences: The consequences of lack of sleep can be very serious. "Many studies have linked chronic sleep deprivation to metabolic and endocrine changes that include reduced glucose resistance., reduced insulin sensitivity, increased cortisol at night, the disturbance in hormone levels (ghrelin, leptin) that regulate hunger and the deregulation of stress hormones ", says Mrs.. Case. "Changes increase the risk of obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes 2, but also cardiovascular diseases. Lack of sleep has also been linked to hypogonadism (low testosterone levels) in men, while it may even increase the risk of depression and anxiety disorders ".
Digital media, junk food and caffeine "threaten" your sleep
"Sleep has a complex and two-way relationship with the endocrine (hormonal) system and the smooth operation of one is necessary for the smooth operation of the other ", emphasizes Mrs.. Vryonidou-Bobota. "Therefore, we all need to follow a specific sleep and diet plan in our lives, which we will follow on holidays. It is also important to avoid the use of digital media in the afternoon and evening as much as possible, because their light can suppress melatonin and interfere with sleep. It is also good to avoid caffeine in the afternoon, because it binds to adenosine receptors, preventing her from sleeping as well. Those who already have metabolic or hormonal disorders should follow the recommendations of their treating physicians to keep them under control.. And those who feel drowsy during the day should consult a doctor to find and treat the cause of their fatigue ".