Probiotics and prebiotics are essential for our health. However, have a different role.
Τα προβιοτικά είναι ωφέλιμα βακτήρια τα οποία εντοπίζονται σε εξαιρετικά μεγάλο αριθμό στο έντερό μας. These bacteria are part of our body's defenses and therefore extremely necessary for our health.. However, certain factors, such as our age and lifestyle (stress, alcohol consumption, taking antibiotics) endanger the existence of these beneficial bacteria, reducing their number.
The prebiotics αποτελούν την τροφή των προβιοτικών, thus providing better absorption and action of these. Prebiotics are found in carbohydrate foods (mainly in those with fiber) and are indigestible substances.
Intestinal bacteria, which are collectively called intestinal flora or intestinal microbiome, perform many important functions in the human body. So, A diet that provides us with a sufficient amount of probiotics and prebiotics can help us maintain the right balance of these bacteria and therefore keep our gut microbiome healthy..
What foods give us probiotics;
Probiotics are mainly found in fermented foods, such as kefir, yogurt and cheese. When we eat these foods, the bacteria they contain cross our upper digestive system and end up in our large intestine, where they eventually live and multiply, thus enhancing pre-existing microorganisms.
What foods give us prebiotics;
Prebiotics are found in foods rich in fiber, such as fruit, whole vegetables and cereals. Legumes, bananas, the berries, the onions, the garlic, the oats, the asparagus, Leeks are some of the foods rich in prebiotics.
How diet affects the intestinal microbiome
Our diet plays an important role in the balance of "good" and "bad" gut bacteria.
For example, a diet high in sugar and fat negatively affects the intestinal bacteria, insulin resistance and other medical conditions.
When you regularly feed the wrong bacteria, are able to grow faster and "migrate" more easily, There are not enough useful bacteria to stop them.
Harmful bacteria and less healthy intestinal flora have also been associated with a higher Body Mass Index.
Studies have also shown that antibiotics can cause permanent changes in certain types of bacteria, especially when taken in childhood and adolescence. Because the use of antibiotics is so widespread, οι ερευνητές μελετούν τώρα πώς θα μπορούσε να επηρεάσει την κατάσταση της υγείας των ανθρώπων αργότερα στη ζωή.