The "investment" of the Greek household in education is stable, despite the economic crisis. The research "Annual Report for Education 2019-2020" of KANEP-GSEE presents comparative data for our country from 2005 until the 2018, but also in relation to the rest of Europe, recording the long-term financial burden borne by parents at all levels for Education services and benefits even during the 10-year financial crisis.
Greece ranks 4th among European countries with the highest household spending on education, expenditures which to a large extent are directed to extracurricular education and support to students studying in a city away from home.
In total, Greek families spent 2.775 million euros 2018 (SS.: fixed amount in relation to 2017 and increased relative to 2016). Households in Cyprus spend more than Greece (1the position), Ireland (2the position) and the United Kingdom (3the position), while in the last places are Sweden, Belgium and Finland.
Extracurricular support, referring to research as well as "shadow education", records high costs in Greek society, where the 2018 touched them 1,178 million euros. The highest percentage (49,9%) concerns tuition for foreign languages, Next up are the tuition fees (35,3%) and finally the private lessons (14,7%), which show a drop from 2016 and after.
Compared to other years, the 2014 and 2015 Expenditures on tuition and private lessons increased, while those for foreign languages were reduced. In the last two years, however, foreign language tuition has been on the rise.
Household spending on home studies has also fallen slightly over the past two years, with the 2018 to be recorded 567 million as expenses to support another household in a different city.
Despite the investment in Education, the country does not seem to be "detaching" from the negative high rankings in inequality indices: It holds the 1st place in the EU-28, according to his data 2018, in percentage of population 15-64 years at risk of poverty or social exclusion (35,3% against 22,2 of the European average) and 4th place in the EU-28, according to his data 2018, in the NEET index (young people 15-24 years out of employment, education and training) with percentage 14,1% against 9,6% of the European average.
With the recent legislation for the strengthening of Vocational Education in the country by the Ministry of Education, revealing are the research data on its impact in recent years.
The country ranks 26th among the rest 27 countries, regarding the selection of the student population towards the Higher Secondary Education. Just the 28,5% of the students, that is, 98.447, chooses to move in this direction, with countries such as Finland leading the way (1the position and percentage 71,6% of the total student population), the Czech Republic (2the position and percentage 71,3% of the total student population) and Slovenia (3the position and percentage 70,9% of the total student population).
In our country the 64,6% of the total student population in Vocational Education are boys and 35,4% girls. The most popular directions are engineering studies, industrial production and construction works (SS.: more oriented boys) and Health studies and welfare services (SS.: directed mainly at girls).
In Higher Education, Greece maintains high percentages of graduates, higher than the European average and in undergraduate studies most of the population goes to the same studies, as in the rest of Europe. particularly, engineering studies, industrial production and construction works are in the first place in the fields of study in Greece and in the 2nd place in the European Union.
Business studies, administration and law are ranked 1st in Europe and 2nd in Greece. In our country, the humanities studies are in 3rd place and the social sciences are in 4th place, journalism and information.