Iron deficiency occurs when the body does not have enough iron.
If the body does not have enough hemoglobin, tissues and muscles do not have enough oxygen to function effectively. This leads to a condition called anemia.
Although there are different types of anemia, Iron deficiency anemia is the most common worldwide.
Lack of iron: The most common causes
- Insufficient iron intake due to poor nutrition
- inflammatory bowel disease
- increased iron requirements during pregnancy
- blood loss due to heavy menstruation or internal bleeding
They follow 9 signs and symptoms that you are iron deficient, starting with the most common:
1. Unusual fatigue
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of iron deficiency. This is due to the less oxygen that reaches the tissues of the body and deprives them of energy.
Paleness in areas such as the face, lower inner eyelids or nails may be a sign of moderate or severe iron deficiency This is caused by low hemoglobin levels, which gives the blood its red color.
3. Shortness of breath
Shortness of breath is a symptom of iron deficiency, as low hemoglobin levels mean that the body is unable to transport oxygen efficiently to muscles and tissues.
4. Headaches and dizziness
Headaches and dizziness could be a sign of iron deficiency. Lack of hemoglobin may mean that there is not enough oxygen in the brain, possibly causing his blood vessels to swell and create pressure.
5. Feeling of palpitations
In cases of iron deficiency, the heart is forced to work very hard to transport oxygen to the body. This can lead to irregular or rapid heartbeats and even heart murmurs, swollen heart or heart failure.
6. Dry and damaged hair and skin
Skin and hair may receive less oxygen from the blood during iron deficiency, which causes them to become dehydrated and damaged. In more serious cases, this can lead to hair loss.
7. Swelling and pain in the tongue and mouth
If your tongue hurts, is swollen or you feel it is a bit strange then this may be a sign of anemia due to iron deficiency. Cracks in the corners of the mouth can also be such a sign.
8. "Anxious" legs
People with iron deficiency anemia are more likely to develop restless legs syndrome. This is a strong urge to move the legs when at rest.
9. Fragile or spoon-shaped nails
Fragile or spoon-shaped nails may be a sign of severe iron deficiency anemia..