No one can stop the clock of time. However most people at least want to age with as few visible scars on the skin as possible, such as wrinkles, spots and various other age-related conditions. But how can this be achieved?;
«It is one of the most frequently asked questions by dermatologists and the answers we have to give are very specific.», he says Dermatologist-venereologist Dr. Markos Michelakis, by EDOEAP. «The special cosmetics for wrinkles, such as creams, serums and other anti-aging products, they can certainly reduce them to some extent. But it is not a panacea. If wrinkles have already developed, It is difficult to get rid of a woman without medical or even surgery. Their prevention is more feasible, as long as the woman and the man are willing to observe the required measures».
Wrinkles develop because with age the skin loses its elasticity, as collagen production slows down. This slowdown can be exacerbated by factors such as sun exposure, air pollution and certain lifestyle habits.
With time, the skin also becomes thinner and drier, thus making it even more prone to wrinkles.
Another factor that plays an important role is our genes. The inherent aging, as it is called, can affect the age of onset of wrinkles, but also the pace of their development and severity.
«But even if you have inherited genes that predispose to the early appearance of intense wrinkles, again you can stop them. As long as you take certain measures early in life and follow them faithfully», says Mr.. Michelakis. And it lists seven scientifically proven ways that can protect your skin from wrinkles.
Avoid the sun
Studies have shown that the almost 90% of signs of age on the skin due to its exposure to ultraviolet sunlight, which ages it prematurely, causing deep, unsightly wrinkles.
The good news is that daily use of sunscreen, all seasons, can act protective. Make sure the sunscreen you put on your face has an SPF protection index of at least 30 and is wide range.
Daily hydration nourishes the skin and helps it "resist" wrinkles. Studies have shown that the use of aqueous products with hyaluronic acid and vitamin C can reduce the formation of wrinkles and prevent them from becoming deeper.. Aqueous with tiles are also useful (ceramides) which nourish the skin, as well as with alpha-hydroxy-acids that do mild exfoliation.
However your aqueous should not contain perfumes, which may irritate the skin. «Irritation causes dryness and more damage», explains Mr.. Michelakis. And it is recommended to smear your face with water and sunscreen on a daily basis. The choice of the appropriate moisturizer should always be made according to the respective skin type.
Many studies have linked diet to wrinkles. One of the most recent was published in 2019 in the Medical Review Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. As he showed, Women who eat a lot of red meat and unhealthy snacks have more wrinkles than,what those who eat more fruit.
In addition, Foods high in anti-inflammatory or antioxidant ingredients can improve skin elasticity and premature aging. The same goes for foods with beneficial fats.
Some of these foods are fatty fish (e.g. salmon, sardine), the pomegranates, vegetables (e.g. carrots, zucchini, broccoli), the avocado, nuts (e.g. walnuts) green tea and olive oil.
Smoking does not only seriously damage the health of the heart and lungs. It also destroys the skin, as it causes damage to collagen and elastin. Elastin is the natural substance that gives the skin elasticity and strength.
In addition, Cigarette nicotine causes blood vessels to constrict. This has the effect of reducing blood flow to the skin. Έτσι όμως μειώνεται η τροφοδοσία του με οξυγόνο και πολύτιμα, anti-aging ingredients such as vitamin A..
The heat emitted by cigarettes can also cause wrinkles. The same goes for the characteristic movement of the lips when smoking, causing premature wrinkles around the mouth.
Limit sugar and carbohydrate intake
Sugar and processed carbohydrates (e.g. White bread, pasta, rice, cereal) cause a sharp rise in blood sugar levels, which in turn lead to a sharp rise in insulin (is the hormone that breaks down sugar).
Insulin promotes inflammation in the skin and throughout the body, while sugar binds to elastin and collagen fibers, causing damage. So they can not support the skin and wrinkles intensify, explains Mr.. Michelakis.
Exposure to fresh air
Systematic exposure to air pollutants affects the appearance of the skin. Many studies have shown that air pollution causes wrinkles and premature aging of the skin. In fact, air pollutants released by vehicles are now considered one of the most toxic substances for the skin..
To protect yourself, try to move as much as you can in parks and green spaces in the cities where you live.
Lack of sleep accumulates over time and causes skin damage. The cause again is the inflammatory effect of the insulin mentioned above. Remember that for good health (dermal and non-dermal) need 7-8 hours of sleep each night. Also try to wake up early in the morning and go to bed at the same time every night..
«The more of these measures you strictly adhere to and the younger you were when you started implementing them, the more protected the skin», says Mr.. Michelakis. «Even in 40 or in 50 your, Nevertheless, if you start applying them, again you will benefit. Just be patient and in a few weeks you will see the difference in your face».