How much weight and metabolism are affected by eating late at night and what are the consequences of this health habit?; Scientists answer.
Η κατανάλωση γευμάτων αργά το βράδυ μπορεί να συμβάλει στην αύξηση του βάρους και του sugar in the blood, according to a small study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Over 2,1 Billions estimated to be the number of overweight or obese adults worldwide, γεγονός που καθιστά πιθανότερα τα προβλήματα υγείας όπως ο διαβήτης και η υψηλή αρτηριακή πίεση. Κάποιες μελέτες δείχνουν ότι η κατανάλωση θερμίδων αργά μέσα στην ημέρα σχετίζεται με την obesity and μεταβολικό σύνδρομο.
"This study adds a new dimension to how eating dinner worsens glucose resistance and reduces the amount of fat you burn.". The επιπτώσεις των βραδινών γευμάτων ποικίλουν σημαντικά ανάμεσα στους ανθρώπους και εξαρτώνται από τη συνήθη ώρα ύπνου, which shows that some people may be more vulnerable than others. If the metabolic effects we observed with one meal become chronic, evening meals could lead to consequences such as diabetes or obesity. ", explains the author of the study, Dr.. Jonathan C. Jun from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
The researchers studied 20 healthy volunteers (10 men and 10 women) για να διαπιστώσουν τον τρόπο με τον οποίο μεταβόλιζαν το δείπνο που καταναλώνεται after 10 at night compared to that of 6 afternoon. All the volunteers went to bed at 11 the evening. Investigators, Well, found that blood sugar levels were higher and the amount of fat burned was lower in the case of dinner., even when the same foods were consumed in both cases.
"Average, the highest glucose level after dinner was almost 18% higher and the amount of fat burned during the night was reduced by 10% compared to an afternoon's consumption, last meal of the day. Οι επιπτώσεις που παρατηρήσαμε στους υγιείς εθελοντές μπορεί να είναι πιο σημαντικές σε ανθρώπους που πάσχουν από παχυσαρκία ή διαβήτη, who already have impaired metabolism ", explains the first author of the study, Dr.. Chenjuan Gu.
This is not the first study to show the effects of eating late at night, is, Nevertheless, one of the most detailed. Participants wore activity meters, they underwent blood sampling every hour they stayed in the lab, participated in sleep studies and body fat tests as well as fat burning rate (oxidation).
"We need to do more experiments to see if these effects continue over time and if they are caused more by behavior. (such as sleeping immediately after eating a meal) or from the circadian rhythm of the body ", concludes Dr.. Jun.
What is certain, however, is that the earlier we eat our dinner and the farther we go from bedtime, the researchers say., we risk less by increasing body fat, as well as blood sugar.