The Ministry of Health is trying to answer important questions that concern parents regarding the vaccination of their children against coronavirus with a detailed guide.
Especially in their guide 19 Questions posted on the ministry's website show data on vaccinations of children and adolescents, while emphasizing the need for younger age groups to contribute to the wall of immunity being built.
The guide in detail in the form of questions and answers
1. I hesitate to vaccinate my child, because these vaccines were prepared in a short time. Is it not safe;
Vaccines have been developed rapidly thanks to advances in technology, of global cooperation of scientists, of strong funding, the large number of volunteers and the reduction of the bureaucratic stages. Efficacy and safety control was strictly adhered to, without deviations from the control mechanisms.
2. Which coronavirus vaccines have been approved for children?;
Vaccines approved by International Assessment Organizations for children aged >12 years are the vaccines that have been produced by the mRNA methodology and are: Pfizer / BioNTech Comirnaty vaccine and Moderna Spikevax vaccine. Pfizer / BioNTech Comirnaty vaccine has recently been approved by the European Medicines Agency 5- 11 years at different doses (10 mcg).
3. What are mRNA vaccines?;
Vaccines made using mRNA technology do not contain a virus, but a series of information (message) to train our cells to make a protein (the coronavirus protein spike), which will activate the immune system to produce protective antibodies.
4. Why should I vaccinate my child?, since the disease at his age is mild;
To protect the same, so as not to interfere with the process of education and extracurricular activities and to contribute to the wall of immunity that is so important for our overall return to everyday life. Generally, the risk of serious infection
Covid-19 is small, but existing. Rarely, multisystemic inflammatory syndrome occurs in children (MIS-C), associated with Covid infection, while the persistence of symptoms after illness is of particular concern, for many weeks (long covid).
5. Children and adolescents are vaccinated to protect unvaccinated adults;
No. Vaccination is recommended:
- A) Primarily for the protection of the individual health of children and adolescents themselves, physical and mental.
- B) For their safe participation in school and extracurricular activities.
- C) To reduce the spread of the virus in the family. Vaccination of children and adolescents protects vulnerable family members who may not have developed adequate immunity to the vaccine.
- D) Increased vaccination coverage for students and teachers reduces the spread of the virus in schools and therefore the number of new cases in the community at large.
- E) Reducing the spread of the virus in the community prevents the emergence of new mutations.
6. Vaccines are just as effective for a child with low birth weight 6 years and an overweight 10 years;
Yes. Vaccine studies have been based on the age of the child and the maturity of the immune system to respond to the vaccine rather than its physique or other developmental indicators..
7. Children with allergies can be vaccinated;
Yes. Common food allergies, medicines, environmental allergens, pigments, insect nibs, are not contraindications. Vaccination is contraindicated in rare cases of allergy to the components of mRNA vaccines (Peg polyethylene glycol and polysorbate 80). Children with a history of allergies remain at the vaccination center for post-vaccination follow-up for 30 minutes.
8. Antipyretic administration is recommended prior to vaccination;
No. It is not indicated as a precaution because it can reduce the body's immune response. However, if the child develops a fever or myalgia after vaccination, he or she may be given an antipyretic / painkiller.
9. Maybe if my child gets COVID-19 it would be better than getting vaccinated;
No. The vaccine protects against the risk of possible side effects of the disease. After all, immunity from natural disease also declines over time.
10. My child got COVID-19. He needs to get vaccinated;
Yes. The degree of protection against natural infection varies. The vaccine offers stronger and broader immunity.
11. There is a fear that the vaccine will change the child's DNA – adolescent;
No. The mRNA vaccine cannot alter human DNA. The mRNA never enters the nucleus of the cell where the DNA is located.
12. The vaccine may affect fertility or the menstrual cycle in young adolescents;
No. The mRNA vaccine molecule is destroyed as soon as it completes its mission in the body and is eliminated from the body. There is no biological link between vaccine and fertility and no harmful effect of the vaccine on male and female fertility has been found..
13. Can my child get the vaccine itself?;
No. The vaccine does not contain live virus. Therefore, can not cause infection and disease.
14. Are the side effects of vaccinating children and adolescents unknown?; What are the most common side effects of vaccination?;
Until today, Millions of vaccines have been given to children and adolescents in countries such as the United States, Canada and Israel who have started vaccination at these ages earlier and the number of side effects reported are similar to those of known vaccines.. In fact, the usual side effects of vaccinating older children 5-11 years (local reaction at the injection site, fatigue, fever, headache, myalgias) lasting approximately 24 hours are less common than side effects in adolescents and adults.
15. The mRNA vaccine can cause heart damage; How dangerous is that;
In rare cases, m-RNA vaccines have been associated with inflammation of the myocardium or pericardium.. These events are more common in older boys 12 to 29 years and appear a few days after the second dose of the vaccine. In most cases, the disease is self-limiting.
The symptoms are: chest pain, difficulty breathing and palpitations. In this rare case, need to contact a doctor and fill in the yellow card. It is emphasized that Covid disease causes multiple cases of myocarditis.
16. I'm afraid of side effects that can occur years after vaccination.
Most vaccine side effects occur in the first few weeks after administration.. MRNA vaccines are destroyed by the body within hours, after giving the "message" for the production of antibodies. No component of the vaccine accumulates in the body to bind to long-term side effects.
17. In what form will the other recommended childhood and adolescent and coronavirus vaccines be given?;
Coronavirus vaccine does not prevent other children and adolescents from being vaccinated. They can all be done a few days apart or even at the same time. There is no specific interval between vaccines.
18. After vaccinating children – teenagers, coronavirus precautions are needed;
Yes. Vaccinated children should continue to use the mask, the observance of social distance, hand hygiene and cleanliness of the area to protect the child himself and his environment.
19. What action is required if a vaccinated child comes into contact at school with a confirmed case of coronavirus;
According to the instructions of EODY, Vaccinated children who have come into contact at school with a confirmed case of coronavirus undergo a preventive self-diagnostic test (self test), 2 times and in particular, the day 0 to 1 and the day 7 after the last contact with the case, given their significantly reduced chance of becoming infected with the virus.